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For thousands of years,

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the Ayoreo tribe have lived in the forests of South America.

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They're still leading much the same hunter-gatherer lifestyle

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as the very first humans on Earth.

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But in June 1998, they came face to face with the 20th century.

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KNOCKING

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This was a chance encounter between two worlds,

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both equally human but completely divided by history.

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In this series, I'm going to tell the story

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of the adventures and events that divided them...

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Thousands of years of explosive change.

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70,000 years of human history -

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stories that we thought we knew and others we were never told.

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None of us can hope to know all of the human story

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but it does help to have the big picture

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because it's really the story of who we are now,

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our own ancestors' long walk,

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the tiny things that changed the world...

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EXPLOSION

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..nature biting back,

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old glories,

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winners...and losers,

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truth seekers and astonishing discoveries...

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GUILLOTINE FALLS

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..revolutions in blood and in iron...

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EXPLOSION

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..modern madness and the wonders of the digital age.

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We have been brilliantly clever at reshaping the world around us -

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almost as clever as we think we are, though not perhaps as wise.

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There will be challenges, triumphs and surprises,

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all the essentials of the story -

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except, of course, how it ends.

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Africa, around 70,000 years ago.

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These people are fully developed modern humans, just like us,

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Homo sapiens - it means "wise man".

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As hunter-gatherers we were driven by familiar basic needs -

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food, water, shelter.

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And for over 100,000 years, we'd been changing, adapting

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and struggling to survive.

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Climate was a big part of this -

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the Earth shivered its way through ice ages,

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the skies were darkened by vast volcanic eruptions,

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the planet grew hotter and drier, and then colder and wetter again,

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and each change challenged mankind to find new ways to survive.

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Those who did survive

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emerged tougher, cleverer and better organ
[...]
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